Sunday, 21 January 2018

Spanish Campaign Army – Militia and Guerrilla

Campaign Tactical Map

This shows the campaign at the end of the ninth day.   The four French corps have advanced south and have forced the Spanish regular army to retire to Linares, which is the campaign objective for both armies.   Behind the four French corps are three depots, each with an infantry brigade as garrison.   The French have occupied six towns, which has produced six guerrilla bands.   One has captured the French depot at Abenojar (top left) and a second is attacking the routed garrison which is trying to get to Probete.

There are nine militia brigades, one for each town on the map.  When the town is occupied by the French, its militia brigade becomes a guerrilla band.   The guerrilla must remain in the general area of their town, and can only supply by moving into an unoccupied town or village.   
Mixed regular and irregular troops

In the photo above a Spanish regular corps has deployed in front of the town, which is occupied by a militia brigade.   The milita cannot be moved from the town, but they will fight to hold it.

The militia garrison does not come under the command of the Spanish commander, and cannot be moved out of the town.  They can be moved from one town section to another as required.   If supported by a regular corps they will fight to defend the town.

The main role of the guerrilla is to attack isolated French garrisons or supply trains.   To do so they must move into an adjacent square.   They are allowed a maximum of three days supplies, so they only have one day to attack.  They move into location, fight and then move back to resupply.

If they run out of supplies they are not allowed to attack.  In addition they lose 10% casualties for each day out of supply.   This will reduce their morale and combat ability.

You will find the campaign diary blog here

Sunday, 14 January 2018

Spanish Campaign Army – The Spanish

Spanish Regular Army (plus two irregular brigades)

The Spanish army consists of two parts.   The Regular army is commanded by the CinC.    The irregular army consists of town militia infantry brigades and guerrilla bands.   In this post I will deal with the Regular army only.

There are four corps in the Regular army.  Two have three infantry and one cavalry brigades, plus artillery.   Two more have three infantry brigades and artillery, but no cavalry.   There all four corps are weaker than any of the French corps, who have four infantry brigades.   The two Spanish corps without cavalry are particularly disadvantaged.

They are restricted to a maximum of three days supplies per corps, plus four days in the main depot.   They can nominate any town to be a depot, but can only have a maximum of four.   Like the French, they can move supplies between depots, but a maximum of three per campaign day.   As a result they are less mobile than the French, who have a maximum of four days supplies.

Not only are the Spanish corps weaker than the French, but their troops are also inferior.   Most are conscript, and therefore have low morale and are more likely to break and run in combat.   Most have poor quality must volley and skirmish ability.
Their cavalry are all conscript.   Only their gunners are equal to the French.

If a Spanish corps is forced to fight a set piece battle in the open they will probably lose.   However they are usually on the defence, and can usually choose their location to fight.   They have a large number of towns, and each town has a garrison.  The garrison cannot be moved, and does not come under the direct command of the Spanish commander.  But by deploying around a town they gain an extra infantry brigade.

The main strength of the Spanish army is the militia garrisons and the guerrilla bands.  I will cover both next week.

You will find the campaign diary blog here